Surcotte of king Rudolf I Habsburg of Bohemia
This surcotte is made from 3 trapezoidal pieces of silk bearing the
designs of birds and dragons. Two kinds of fabric were used in this
garment. The surcotte has two unconventional features. First, at that
time, it was not traditional to make garments that only extended to
the knees, so it has been suggested that this surcotte was intended
for horseback riding. Secondly, its V-neck is very unconventional, as
period garments mostly had round neck openings. The sides of the
surcotte were longer than the rest of the piece due to the pattern
design. A similar garment can be found in the Passion of Christ book
of Premyslovy Kunhutta, in the scene illustrating whipping of Christ.
The surcotte is dated 1307.
Based on: Pohřební
oděv Rudolfa I. Habsburského, českého krále, zv. Kaše, M. Bravermanová,
in Život v archeologii středověku, 1997